What is taught?

Learning Programs

 

At Parkhill, we teach according to the Victorian Curriculum . It provides a common content of curriculum for schools in Victoria, transitioning between the previous curriculum, AusVELS, and the new national curriculum, Australian Curriculum.

From the Victorian Curriculum website:
The Victorian Curriculum F–10 sets out what every student should learn during their first eleven years of schooling. The curriculum is the common set of knowledge and skills required by students for life-long learning, social development and active and informed citizenship.

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 incorporates the Australian Curriculum and reflects Victorian priorities and standards.

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 includes both knowledge and skills. These are defined by learning areas and capabilities. This curriculum design assumes that knowledge and skills are transferrable across the curriculum and therefore are not duplicated. For example, where skills and knowledge such as asking questions, evaluating evidence and drawing conclusions are defined in Critical and Creative Thinking, these are not duplicated in other learning areas such as History or Health and Physical Education. It is expected that the skills and knowledge defined in the capabilities will be developed, practised, deployed and demonstrated by students in and through their learning across the curriculum.

The design of the Victorian Curriculum F–10 is set out below:

Learning Areas

The Arts
– Dance
– Drama
– Media Arts
– Music
– Visual Arts
– Visual Communication Design
English
Health and Physical Education
The Humanities
– Civics and Citizenship
– Economics and Business
– Geography
– History
Languages
Mathematics
Science
Technologies
– Design and Technologies
– Digital Technologies

Learning Capabilities

Critical and Creative Thinking
Ethical
Intercultural
Personal and Social

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 learning areas are a clear and deliberate reaffirmation of the importance of a discipline-based approach to learning, where learning areas are regarded as both enduring and dynamic.

Their enduring nature rests in their different epistemologies, or ways of understanding, and the associated skills they provide for students. Each of the learning areas provides and is defined by a unique way of seeing, understanding and engaging with the world. For the Arts, the Humanities and the Technologies, students engage in and through disciplines, which provide discrete content descriptions and achievement standards.

Capabilities

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 includes capabilities, which are a set of discrete knowledge and skills that can and should be taught explicitly in and through the learning areas, but are not fully defined by any of the learning areas or disciplines. A key distinction between the Australian Curriculum F–10 and the Victorian Curriculum F–10 is the provision of content descriptions and achievement standards in the four capabilities.

The four capabilities in the Victorian Curriculum F–10 are:
– Critical and Creative Thinking
– Ethical
– Intercultural
– Personal and Social

The Australian Curriculum F–10 includes three additional general capabilities:
– Literacy
– Numeracy
– Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 design does not include these three general capabilities as separate learning areas or capabilities with discrete knowledge and skills.

Given the inclusion of a Literacy strand in English, and the proficiencies of understanding, fluency, problem solving, and reasoning in Mathematics, it is unnecessary to define Literacy and Numeracy as a distinct curriculum. The learning of the skills and knowledge defined by the ICT general capability are now embedded in student learning across the curriculum.

There is considerable research that identifies the importance of the teaching of literacy and numeracy and ICT in the context of the different curriculum areas. It is both appropriate and necessary that the literacy, numeracy and ICT requirements be embedded in the curriculum areas.

Literacy

While much of the explicit teaching of literacy occurs in the English learning area, it is strengthened, made specific and extended in other learning areas as students engage in a range of learning activities with significant literacy demands.

Numeracy

In the Victorian Curriculum F–10, the knowledge and skills that underpin numeracy are explicitly taught in the Mathematics strands Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry and Statistics and Probability and reinforced and further exemplified in and across other curriculum areas. Through this process, students recognise that mathematics is widely used both in and outside school and learn to apply mathematical knowledge and skills in a wide range of familiar and unfamiliar situations.

Information and Communications Technologies

In the Victorian Curriculum F–10, the ICT general capability skills are either specifically embedded in the content descriptions of Mathematics, Media Arts, Geography, English and Digital Technologies or schools have the flexibility to determine how these skills will be used in their teaching and learning programs for other curriculum areas.

The Literacy, Numeracy and ICT general capabilities from the Australian Curriculum F–10 are therefore represented in the Victorian Curriculum F–10 as embedded in each curriculum area and are not discrete areas against which teachers should report student progress.

For more information, please visit the Victorian Curriculum website.

Year Level Descriptors

Learning Programs

 

The BeginningAll students, as well as their parents, are welcomed to the beginning of a great learning journey at Parkhill Primary School. Our aim is for each student to be nurtured, guided and challenged to reach their full potential academically, socially and emotionally.

Parkhill Primary School students in the Prep Year are provided with opportunities that enable them to develop their ability to both work and play, confidently and consistently, within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development of core skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

They will spend time developing initial competencies in literacy and numeracy that will form a strong foundation for future years.

Over the course of the Prep Year, it is expected the students will develop social skills that allow them to understand classroom behaviours, develop friendships, make connections between home and school, work with others by participating in group activities, care for and respect others, display courtesy and play cooperatively.

As they develop a sense of belonging they are supported in the development of skills that promote thinking processes and communication. It is important each student is aware of the need to reflect on their learning, to ask questions and to develop simple explanations.

Building a strong foundationThe importance of continuous learning is a feature of Year One. Mathematics concepts continue to develop, reading and writing skills are enhanced and investigations in Science and History are provided to engage and challenge the students.

Parkhill Primary School students in Year One are provided with opportunities that enable them to develop their ability to both work and play, confidently and consistently, within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

Year One students will have spent time mastering competencies in a range of academic areas, including the development of fundamental literacy and numeracy skills, which form a strong foundation for future years.

The students will have a sense of belonging and be further supported in the development of skills that promote thinking processes and communication. It is important that each student is aware of the need to reflect on their learning, monitor their progress, ask questions and develop explanations.

By the end of Year One, the students’ social skills and work habits will have developed to a level where they are responsible learners, can use their initiative to solve problems and have the confidence and skills to work cooperatively with others. They should be able to concentrate on and complete set tasks, follow directions and have the independence and maturity to take responsibility for their actions and belongings.

Independent Learning SkillsParkhill Primary School students in Year Two are provided with opportunities that enable them to develop their ability to both work and play confidently and consistently within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development of skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

Year Two students will have spent time mastering competencies in a range of academic areas, including the development of fundamental literacy and numeracy skills, which form a strong foundation for future learning.

It is expected that students in Year Two will accept greater responsibility for their learning and behaviour by displaying independence and initiative in completing tasks. Students are expected to seek advice, collaborate with peers and accept assistance when necessary. The ability to concentrate for longer periods, use time wisely and present work in an acceptable manner is desired. It is important that students function effectively and cooperatively in group activities by contributing to tasks and discussions and by listening to others.

The students will develop skills that promote thinking processes and communication. It is important each student is aware of the need to reflect on their learning, monitor their progress, ask questions and develop and compare explanations.

TransitionAn exciting transition to the Middle Primary section of the school allows the students to experience a wide range of inter House activities, sporting events, music and drama performances, a camping program and much more!

Parkhill Primary School students in Year Three are provided with opportunities that enable them to develop their ability to both work and play confidently and consistently within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development of skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

They will spend time developing specific knowledge and skills in a wider range of academic areas, and will be consolidating key literacy and numeracy skills, which form a strong foundation for future years.

It is expected that Year Three students will develop relationships with peers that provide opportunities for social growth, participation in group activities, learning to care for and respect others, displaying courtesy, playing cooperatively, accepting responsibility for their own behaviour and being aware of appropriate conduct in diverse situations. Work habits are encouraged to develop student’s ability to persevere and concentrate on tasks, work independently and cooperatively, use time wisely by setting goals and present work in an acceptable manner.

The students develop skills that promote thinking processes and communication. It is important each student is aware of the need to reflect on their learning, monitor their progress, ask questions and develop simple explanations which will enable them to become independent leaners.

Building RelationshipsEmphasis is placed on building relationships and students are provided with numerous social skill activities and interclass cooperative learning tasks. These skills and understandings lead to the development of new friendships and help the group learn from each other in a collaborative manner.

Parkhill Primary School students in Year Four are provided with opportunities that enable them to develop their ability to both work and play confidently and consistently within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development of skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

They will develop specific knowledge, skills and interests in a widening range of academic areas. The consolidation of key literacy and numeracy skills allows them to explore concepts in greater depth and begin to apply these to a variety of situations.

The students develop skills that allow them to apply independent thinking strategies and communication. It is important that each student is encouraged to manage their level of effort and take steps to foster their own learning. They are made aware of the need to reflect on their learning, monitor their progress, ask questions and to develop simple generalisations and points of view.

It is expected that Year Four students are aware of resilient attitudes towards learning and social behaviour. They will participate in group activities with thought and consideration for all, care for and respect others, display courtesy, play cooperatively and be responsible for their own relationships. Desirable work habits include the ability to be punctual with work commitments, persevere and concentrate on tasks, work independently and cooperatively, use time wisely and present work in an acceptable manner.

The Beginning of IndependenceA number of exciting new elements are introduced in Year Five including the interschool sports program, leadership development and Parkhill TV! This, along with a significant emphasis on academic enrichment, provides the students with a holistic program.

Parkhill Primary School students in Year Five are provided with opportunities that enable them to develop their ability to work and play confidently and consistently within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development of skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

During the year students develop specific knowledge, skills and interest in a wide range of academic areas, explore concepts in depth and apply their learning to the real world.

The students develop skills that allow them to apply independent thinking strategies and communication. Each student is encouraged to manage their level of effort and take steps to foster their own learning. Students are made aware of the need to reflect on their learning, monitor their progress, ask questions and further develop ability to formulate generalisations, explanations and points of view.

Year Five students enhance their knowledge and build skills and attitudes that allow them to display a resilient approach towards learning and social behaviour. In developing positive work habits the students follow directions, work independently, improve their organisation and consolidate their ability to concentrate for longer periods of time. They are expected to relate well to peers and adults, work and play cooperatively with others, and display courtesy and initiative. During the course of the year, they consider the rights, beliefs and needs of others, develop an understanding and appreciation of self, demonstrate confidence and competence with interpersonal relationships and manage themselves in a variety of situations.

Leadership of Self and OthersThe final year in Primary School immerses students in a challenging academic and co-curricula program. Each student is a leader and given opportunities to take on extra responsibilities as well as modelling good citizenship to our younger students. Key leadership roles are awarded and other specific service group responsibilities are provided throughout the year.

Parkhill Primary School students in Year Six develop their ability to both work and play confidently and consistently within the whole school community. The school focuses on the development of skills and understandings related to:

Physical, Personal and Social Learning: Students learn about themselves and their place in society. They learn how to stay healthy and active. Students develop skills in building social relationships and working with others. They take responsibility for their learning, and learn about their rights and responsibilities as global citizens.

Discipline Based Learning: Students learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours in the arts, English, humanities, mathematics, science and other languages.

Interdisciplinary Learning: Students explore different ways of thinking, solving problems and communicating. They learn to use a range of technologies to plan, analyse, evaluate and present their work. Students learn about creativity, design principles and processes.

They develop specific knowledge, skills and interest in a wide range of academic areas and explore relevant concepts in depth and complexity. They will develop the ability to transfer their learning to assist in the understanding of different real world situations.

The students develop skills that allow them to be complex flexible thinkers, critical independent learners and efficient communicators. They manage their level of effort and take steps to foster their own learning. They reflect on their learning, monitor their progress, ask questions and develop generalisations that highlight their understanding of themselves as learners.

It is expected that students work with others by building positive relationships. The students manage themselves in a variety of situations in which they are confronted by being courteous, cooperative, understanding of others and responsible for their own behaviour. They are encouraged to persevere with tasks, concentrate and work independently, take considered risks, accept advice and use their time wisely and productively. During the year, the students contribute to a full range of opportunities offered by the school whilst displaying confidence, enthusiasm and initiative during all activities. Opportunities are provided for the students to develop leadership skills and communicate school values to different audiences.

 

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